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DISCOVERY OF THE YOSEMITE,
AND
THE INDIAN WAR OF 1851,
WHICH LED TO THAT EVENT.

BY

LAFAYETTE HOUGHTON BUNNELL, M.D.,
OF THE MARIPOSA BATTALION, ONE OF THE DISCOVERERS,
LATE SURGEON THIRTY-SIXTH REGIMENT
WISCONSIN VOLUNTEERS.

LAFAYETTE HOUGHTON BUNNELL, M.D.

 

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CONTENTS.

    INTRODUCTION
    CHAPTER I.
    Incidents leading to the Discovery of the Yosemite Valley--Major Savage and Savages--Whiskey, Wrangling and War--Skinned Alive--A brisk Fight--Repulse--Another Fight, and Conflagration
    CHAPTER II.
    The Governor of California issues a Proclamation--Formation of the Mariposa Battalion--The Origin and Cause of the War--New Material Public Documents--A Discussion--Capt. Walker--The Peace Commissioners' Parley and the Indians' Pow-wow--The Mysterious Deep Valley--Forward, March!

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    CHAPTER III.
    March Down the South Fork--Capture of an Indian Village--Hungry Men--An able Surgeon--Snow Storms--Visit of Ten-ie-ya, Chief of the Yosemites--Commander's Dilemma--Unique Manner of Extrication--Approaching the Valley--First View--Sensations Experienced--A Lofty Flight Brought Down
    CHAPTER IV.
    Naming the Valley--Signification and Origin of the Word--Its proper Pronunciation: Yo-sem-i-ty--Mr. Hutchings and Yo-Ham-i-te--His Restoration of Yo-sem-i-te
    CHAPTER V.
    Date of Discovery--First White Visitors--Captain Joe Walker's Statement Ten-ie-ya's Cunning--Indian Tradition--A Lying Guide--The Ancient Squaw--Destroying Indian Stores--Sweat-houses--The Mourner's Toilet--Sentiment and Reality--Return to Head-quarters
    CHAPTER VI.
    Out of Provisions--A Hurried Move--Mills where Indians take their Grists, and Pots in which they Boil their Food--Advance Movement of Captain Dill--A Hungry Squad--Enjoyment--Neglect of Duty--Escape of Indians--Following their Trail--A Sorrowful Captain--A Mystery made Clear--Duplicity of the Chow-chillas--Vow-chester's Good-will Offering--Return of the Fugitives--Major Savage as Agent and Interpreter
    CHAPTER VII.
    Campaign against the Chow-chillas--The Favorite Hunting Ground--A Deer Hunt and a Bear Chase --An Accident and an Alarm--A Torch-light Pow-wow--Indians Discovered--Captain Boling's Speech--Crossing of the San Joaquin--A Line of Battle, its Disappearance--Capture of Indian Village--Jose Rey's Funeral-pyre--Following the Trail--A Dilemma--Sentiment and Applause--Returning to Camp--Narrow Escape of Captain Boling
    CHAPTER VIII.
    A Camp Discussion--War or Police Clubs--Jack Regrets a Lost Opportunity--Boling's Soothing Syrup--A Scribe Criticises and Apologises--Indian War Material and its Manufacture--The Fire-stick and its Sacred Uses--Arrival at Head-quarters
    CHAPTER IX.
    Starvation Subdues the Chow-chillas, and the Result is Peace--Captain Kuykendall's Expeditions--An Attack--Rout and Pursuit--A Wise Conclusion--Freezing out Indians--A Wild Country--A Terrific View--Yosemite versus King's River--Submission of the Indians South of the San Joaquin--Second Expedition to Yosemite--Daring Scouts--Capture of Indians--Naming of "Three Brothers"
    CHAPTER X.
    A General Scout--An Indian Trap--Flying Artillery--A Narrow Escape--A Tragic Scene--Fortunes of War--A Scout's Description--Recovery from a Sudden Leap--Surrounded by Enemies
    CHAPTER XI.
    Camp Amusements--A Lost Arrow--Escape of a Prisoner--Escape of Anther--Shooting of the Third--Indian Diplomacy--Taking His Own Medicine--Ten-ie ya Captured--Grief over the Death of His Son--Appetite under Adverse Circumstances--Poetry Dispelled--Really a Dirty Indian
    CHAPTER XII.
    Bears and Other Game--Sickness of Captain Boling--Convalescence and Determination--A Guess at Heights--A Tired Doctor and a Used-up Captain--Surprising an Indian--Know-nothingness, or Native Americanism--A Clue and Discovery--A Short-cut to Camp, but an Unpopular Route
    CHAPTER XIII.
    The Indian Names--Difficulty of their Interpretation--Circumstances Suggesting Names of Vernal, Nevada and Bridal Veil Falls--Mr. Richardson's Descriptions of the Falls and Round Rainbow--Py-we-ack Misplaced, and " Illiluette " an Absurdity--An English Name Suggested for Too-lool-lo-we-ack, Pohono and Tote-ack-ah-nu-la--Indian Superstitions and Spiritual Views--A Free National Park Desirable--Off on the Trail
    CHAPTER XIV.
    A Mountain Storm--Delay of Supplies--Clams and Ipecac--Arrival of Train--A Cute Indian--Indian Sagacity--A Dangerous Weapon--Capture of Indian Village--An Eloquent Chief--Woman's Rights versus Squaw's Wrongs--A Disturbed Family--A Magnificent Sunrise--On a Slippery Slope--Sentiment and Poetry--Arrival at the Fresno
    CHAPTER XV.
    The Flora of the Region of the Yosemite--General Description of the Valley and its Principal Points of Interest, with their Heights
    CHAPTER XVI.
    A Trip to Los Angeles--Interview with Colonel McKee--A Night at Colonel Fremont's Camp--Management of Cattle by the Colonel's Herdsmen--Back to Los Angeles--Specimen Bricks of the Angel City--An Addition to our Party--Mules versus Bears--Don Vincente--A Silver Mine--Mosquitos--A Dry Bog--Return to Fresno--Muster out of Battalion--A Proposition
    CHAPTER XVII.
    Captain Boling elected Sheriff--Appointment of Indian Agents--Ten-ie-ya allowed to Return to Yosemite--Murder of Visitors--Lieut. Moore's Expedition and Punishment of Murderers--Gold Discoveries on Eastern Slope of Sierras--Report of Expedition, and First Published Notice of Yosemite--Squatter Sovereignty--Assault upon King's River Reservation--The supposed Leader, Harvey Denounced by Major Savage--A Rencounter, and Death of Savage--Harvey Liberated by a Friendly Justice--An Astute Superintendent--A Mass Meeting--A Rival Aspirant--Indians and Indian Policy
    CHAPTER XVIII.
    Murder of Starkey--Death of Ten-ie-ya and Extinction of his Band--A few Surviving Murderers--An Attempt at Reformation--A Failure and Loss of a Mule--Murders of Robert D. Sevil and Robert Smith--Alarm of the People--A False Alarm
    CHAPTER XIX.
    Engineering and History--Speculation and Discouragement--A New Deal--Wall Street--A Primitive Bridge--First Woman in the Yosemite--Lady Visitors from Mariposa and Lady Teachers from San Francisco--Measurements of Heights--First Houses and their Occupants--A Gay Party and a Glorious Feast
    CHAPTER XX.
    Golden Theories and Glaciers
    CHAPTER XXI.
    Big Trees of California or Sequoia Gigantea--Their Discovery and Classification
    CHAPTER XXII.
    Statistics--Roads and Accommodations--Chapel and Sunday School--Big Farms and Great Resources--A Variety of Products--Long Hoped for Results

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

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THIRD EDITION--REVISED AND CORRECTED
FLEMING H. REVELL COMPANY,
NEW YORK: 30 UNION SQUARE: EAST.
CHICAGO: 148 AND 150 MADISON ST

 

L. H. BUNNELL,
DEDICATION.
TO THE
HON. CHARLES H. BERRY,
THIS BOOK,
IN REMEMBRANCE OF KINDLY SUGGESTIONS,
IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED.

 


The text and illustrations were digitized by The Library of Congress for Amenican Memory.
The text was then corrected and formated and the images were converted by myself.